Severe Weather Information Page
Severe Weather Information For The City of Horton, Kansas
It's that time of year again,
Storm Season Has Arrived!!
This site provides information about the different sirens and their meanings, the different storm watches/warnings and their meanings, public shelters, and information on what you need to do to be prepared to keep you and your family safe! At the moment this is a work in progress, as soon as I obtain information it will be added.
NOAA weather radio frequency in The City of Horton ,
Brown County is:
Call Letters: WXK91 Frequency: 162.475mhz 1000 Watts out of Topeka Ks.
NWS Programming Office:
NOAA Frequency List
Please know what the sirens
mean in your area and Please don't call the Police Department or Brown
County Sheriff's Office regarding sirens during storms, they have a
limited number of phone lines. The Dispatchers are extremely busy
during storms keeping in contact with storm watchers and the National
Weather Service, keeping everyone up dated, having reported sightings
confirmed, and getting the information out to the public as quickly as
Your Cooperation Is Greatly Appreciated, Thank You.
City of Horton
Fire Siren - This siren is sounded anytime the Fire Department has been paged out, unless we are in a Storm Situation to avoid confusion. The Siren is a Solid Blast siren, meaning it changes pitch alternating between a high pitch and low pitch. The Fire Siren is located near the downtown area of Horton, and is also sounded at noon each day, unless we are in a Storm Situation to avoid confusion.
Tornado Siren - The Tornado Sirens are sounded in the event of a Tornado, unless they are being tested (the frist Fraiday of every month at noon), if you hear them during an unscheduled test take cover immediately (if the sirens are sounded a tornado has been seen or a warning is saying one is very close). These sirens are One Solid Blast it does not change pitch and sounds for 3 minutes. These sirens are located at the City Hall (a back up siren), the High School and near West 15th and Euclid.
Public Storm Shelters
Horton Police Department 205 East 8th Open 24/7
Watches and Warnings
- Watch: Severe weather is possible within the designated watch area, and can be for several hours. Be Alert.
- Warning: Severe weather has been reported or is imminent. Take necessary precautions!!!
- In Homes: The basement offers the greatest safety. Seek shelter under sturdy furniture if possible. In homes without basements, take cover in the center part of the house, on the lowest floor, in a small room such as a closet or bathroom, or under sturdy furniture. Put as many walls between you and the outside. Keep Away From Windows!! And Stay away from corners because they collect debris!!
- In Shopping Areas: Go to a designated shelter area (not to your parked car).
- In Buildings: Go to an interior hallway on the lowest floor, or to the designated shelter area.
- In Schools: Follow advanced plans to a designated shelter area, usually an interior hallway on the lowest floor. If the building is not of reinforced construction, go to a nearby one that is, or take cover outside on low, protected ground. Stay out of auditoriums, gymnasiums, and other structures with wide, free-span roofs.
- In Automobiles: Get out of automobiles immediately and seek shelter in a nearby building. If a building is unavailable or there is no time, get out of the car and lie in a ditch or low-lying area away from the car. Be aware of the potential for flooding. In urban or congested areas, never try to outrun a tornado in a car or truck; instead, leave it immediately for safe shelter. Tornadoes can change direction quickly and can lift up a car or truck and toss it in the air. Do Not get under an overpass or bridge, your safer in a low, flat location.
- In Open Country: Lie flat in the nearest ditch or depression and cover your head with your hands. Be aware of potential for flooding.
- Mobile Homes: They are particularly vulnerable, even if tied down, offer little protection from tornadoes, and should be Evacuated. Get to a shelther, if there is no shelter nearby, leave the trailer and take cover on low, protected ground.
- Do Not Open Windows: Use your time to seek shelter.
- Protect Yourself: Use arms to protect your head and neck.
- Be Aware Of Flying Debris: Flying debris from tornadoes causes most fatalities and injuries.
If you plan to be outdoors, check the latest weather forecast and keep a weather eye on the sky. At signs of an impending storm -- towering thunder head, darkening skies, lightning, increasing wind -- tune into your local radio station or television for the latest weather information.
When a thunderstorm threatens, get inside a home, a large building, or an all-metal (not convertible) automobile. Do not use the telephone except for emergencies.
If you are caught outside, do not stand underneath a tall isolated tree or telephone pole. Avoid projecting above the surrounding landscape. For example: don't stand on a hilltop. In a group of trees, seek shelter in a low or under a thick growth of small trees. In Open areas, go to a low place, such as a ravine or valley.
Get off or away from open water, tractors, and other metal farm equipment or small metal vehicles, such as motorcycles, bicycles, golf carts, Ect. Put down golf clubs and take off golf shoes. Stay away from wire fences, clothes lines, metal pipes, and rails. If you are in a group in the open, spread out, keeping people several yards apart.
Remember -- lightning may strike some miles away from the parent cloud, some as far as 30 miles away. Precautions should be taken even though the thunderstorm is not directly overhead. If you are caught in a level field or prairie far from shelter and if you feel your hair stand on end, lightning may be about to strike you. Drop to your knees and bend forward, putting your hands on your knees. Do not lie flat on the ground.
Flash flood waves, moving at incredible speed, can roll boulders, tear out trees, destroy buildings and bridges, and scour out new channels. You won't always have warning that these deadly, sudden floods are coming.
When a flash flood warning is issued for your area or the moment you first realize that a flash flood is imminent, act quickly to save yourself. You may have only seconds.
- Go to high ground immediately.
- Get out of areas subject to flooding. This includes dips, low spots, canyons, washes, ect.
- Avoid already flooded and high velocity flow areas. Do Not attempt to cross a flowing stream on foot where water is above your knees.
- Do Not drive through flooded areas. Shallow, swiftly flowing water can wash a car from a roadway. Also, the roadbed may not be intact under the water.
- If the vehicle stalls, abandon it immediately and seek higher ground -- rapidly rising water may engulf the vehicle and its occupants and sweep them away.
- Be especially cautious at night when its harder to recognize flood dangers.
- Do Not camp or park your vehicle along streams and washes, particularly during threatening conditions.
How To Prepare
- Develop a plan for you and your family at home, work, school and when outdoors. Get planning tips from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (F.E.M.A.) at www.fema.gov/pte/displan.htm.
- Identify a safe place to take shelter. Information on how to build a "safe Room" in your home or school is available from F.E.M.A. at www.fema.gov/mit/saferoom
- Conduct frequent tornado drills each tornado season.
- Keep a highway map nearby to follow storm movement from weather bulletins.
- Have a local radio with a warning alarm tone and battery back up to receive watches and warnings.
- National Weather Service watches and warnings are also available on the Internet. Go to www.nws.noaa.gov for services or www.weather.gov for weather and forecasts.
- Listen to radio and television for weather information.
- Check the weather forecast before leaving for extended periods outdoors. Watch for signs of approaching storms.
- If severe weather threatens, check on people who are elderly, very young, or physically or mentally disabled.
- Practice having everyone in your family go to your designated safe place in response to a tornado threat.
- Contact your local emergency management office and NOAA for more information on tornadoes.
Develop a Plan
- Pick two places to meet: A spot outside your home for an emergency and a place away from your neighborhood in case you can't return home.
- Choose an out-of-state friend as your "family check-in contact" for everyone to call if the family gets separated. Discuss what you would do if advised to evacuate.
- Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen. Explain what to do in each case.
- Plan on how to take care of your pets and livestock
- Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit.
- Determine the best escape routes from your home. Find two ways out of each room.
- Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with your neighbors to plan how the neighborhood could work together before, during and after a disaster until help arrives. Things to consider: Special skills (medical, technical), how to care for those with special needs (disabled or elderly), and child care in case the parents aren't home or can't get home.
Practice and Maintain Your Plan
- Quiz your kids every six months so they remember what to do.
- Conduct emergency drills.
- Replace stored water every 3 months and food every six months.
- Test and Check your Fire Extinguishers.
- Test your Smoke Detectors monthly.
- Check the batteries in your flash lights and in your radio at least once a year.
Disaster Supply Kit
- A 3-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day) and food that won't spoil.
- One change of clothing and footwear per person.
- One blanket or sleeping bag per person.
- A first aid kit including prescription medicines.
- Emergency tools, including a battery powered radio (NOAA Weather Radio is recommended as well as a portable radio), flashlight, and extra batteries.
- An extra set of car keys and a credit card or cash.
- Special items for infant, elderly, or disabled family members.
- Copies of ID cards or driver's licenses for all family members.
- Sanitation supplies.
- An extra pair of glasses.
- Store these items in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers such as back packs, duffle bags or covered trash containers.
- Keep important family documents in a waterproof container.
- Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car.
People are told to evacuate for a number of reasons, hazardous materials spill, gas leaks, fires and various other reasons. You should be prepared to evacuate at any given time and be able to do it quickly.
- Evacuate immediately if told to do so:
- Listen to your battery-powered radio and follow the instructions of local emergency officials.
- Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
- Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
- Lock your home.
- Use travel routes specified by local authorities -- don't use shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous.
- If you have time:
- If instructed to shut off water, gas and electricity before leaving.
- Post a note telling others when you left and where you are going.
- Make arrangements for your pets.
- A tornado is a violently rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground.
- Tornadoes are capable of destroying homes and vehicles and can cause fatalities.
- Tornadoes may appear nearly transparent until dust and debris are picked up or a cloud forms in the funnel. The average tornado moves SW to NE but have been known to move in any direction.
- The average forward speed is 30 mph, but may very from stationary to 70 mph and have rotating winds in excess of 250 mph.
- Tornadoes can accompany tropical storms and hurricanes as they move onto land.
- Waterspouts are tornadoes that form over water
Where And When
- Tornadoes can occur at any time of the year.
- Tornadoes have occurred in every state, but they are most frequent east of the Rocky Mountains during spring and summer months.
- In the southern states, peak tornado occurrence is March through May, while peak months in the northern states are during the late spring and early summer.
- Tornadoes are most likely to occur between 3 and 9 p.m. but can happen at any time.
Tornado Danger Signs
Occasionally, tornadoes develop so rapidly that advance warning is not possible.
Look Out For:
- Dark, often greenish sky
- Large Hail
- Wall Cloud
- Loud roar, similar to a freight train
- Some tornadoes are clearly visible, while rain or nearby low-hanging clouds obscure others.
- Before a tornado hits, the wind may die down and the air become very still.
- A cloud of debris can mark the location of a tornado even if a funnel is not visible.
- Tornadoes generally occur near the trailing edge of a thunderstorm. It is not uncommon to see clear,, sunlit skies behind a tornado.
After The Tornado
- Help injured or trapped persons. Give first aid when appropriate. Don't try to move the seriously injured unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Call for help.
- Stay out of damaged buildings. Return home when authorities say it is safe.
- Turn on radio or television to get the latest emergency information. Use the phone only for emergency calls.
- Clean up spilled flammable liquids immediately. Leave the building if you smell gas or chemical fumes.
- Take pictures of the damage - both the house and contents - for insurance purposes.
Inspect Utilities in a Damaged Home
- Check for gas leaks: If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise, open a window and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas at the outside main valve if you can and call the gas company from a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas, a professional must turn it back on.
- Look for electrical damage: If you see sparks or broken or frayed wires, or if you smell hot insulation, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician for advice.
- Check for sewage and water line damage: If you suspect sewage lines are damaged, avoid using toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and avoid using water from the tap. Melt ice cubes for safe water.
The above information was provided by Local Authorities, The Federal Emergency Management Association and the American Red Cross. You can get other preparedness materials from FEMA and American Red Cross